21 Temmuz 2017 Cuma

Kraliçe Elizabeth Taç Merasimi




Babası VI. George'un ölümünden sonra, 1952 yılında kızı II. Elizabeth 26 yaşında Birleşik Krallık tahtına oturdu.

1 sene sonra 1953 yılında düzenlenen taç giyme töreni televizyonda gösterilerek bir ilk gerçekleştirildi.

Kendisi dünyanın halen hüküm süren en yaşlı ve Britanya'nın en uzun ömürlü hükümdarıdır. 
Babası VI. George, izleyenler varsa "Zoraki Kral" filmindeki kekeme kral olarak bildiğimiz kişidir. Elizabeth, Ağabeyi VIII. Edward'ın tahttan çekilmesiyle 1936'da kral oldu ve kendisi o tarihten itibaren olası varis konumuna geldi.

The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II 1953


18 Temmuz 2017 Salı

Assassination of Romanov Family 17 Jully 1918

The Romanov Family


The Romanov family was assassinated 17 of Jully 1918.

The Russian Imperial Romanov family (Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei) and all those who chose to accompany them into imprisonment – notably Eugene Botkin, Anna Demidova, Alexei Trupp and Ivan Kharitonov – were shot, bayoneted and clubbed to death in Yekaterinburg on 17 July 1918. The Tsar and his family were killed by Bolshevik troops led by Yakov Yurovsky under the orders of the Ural Regional Soviet. Their bodies were then mutilated, burned and buried in a field called Porosenkov Log in the Koptyaki forest.

Despite being informed that "the entire family suffered the same fate as its head", the Bolsheviks only announced Nicholas's death, with the official press release that "Nicholas Romanov's wife and son have been sent to a secure place." For over eight years, the Soviet leadership maintained a systematic web of disinformation as to the fate of the family, claiming from September 1919 that they were murdered by left-wing revolutionaries during "the evacuation", to denying outright from April 1922 that they were dead. They acknowledged the murders in 1926 following the publication of an investigation by a White émigré, but maintained that the bodies were destroyed and that Lenin's Cabinet was not responsible. The emergence of Romanov impostors drew media attention away from Soviet Russia, and discussion regarding the fate of the family was suppressed by Joseph Stalin from 1938.

The burial site was discovered in 1979 by an amateur sleuth, but the remains were not made public until 1989, during the glasnost period. The identity of the remains was confirmed by forensic and DNA investigation. They were reburied in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg in 1998, 80 years after they were killed, in a funeral that was not attended by key members of the Russian Orthodox Church, who disputed the authenticity of the remains. A second, smaller grave containing the remains of two Romanov children missing from the larger grave was discovered by amateur archeologists in 2007. However, their remains are kept in a state repository pending further DNA tests. In 2008, after considerable and protracted legal wrangling, the Russian Prosecutor General's office rehabilitated the Romanov family as "victims of political repressions". A criminal case was opened by the post-Soviet government in 1993, but nobody was prosecuted on the basis that the perpetrators were dead.

Some historians attribute the order to the government in Moscow, specifically Yakov Sverdlov and Vladimir Lenin, who wished to prevent the rescue of the Imperial Family by the approaching Czechoslovak Legion (fighting with the White Army against the Bolsheviks) during the ongoing Russian Civil War. This is supported by a passage in Leon Trotsky's diary. An investigation led by Vladimir Solovyov concluded in 2011 that, despite the opening of state archives in the post-Soviet years, there is yet no written document found that indicates that either Lenin or Sverdlov instigated the orders; however, they did endorse the executions after they occurred. Lenin had close control over the Romanovs although he ensured his name was not associated with their fate in any official documents. President Boris Yeltsin described the killings as one of the most shameful pages in Russian history. ( Marina Amaral colorization )

17 Temmuz 1918 Romanovların İnfazı

Romanov ailesi

17 Temmuz 1918 tarihte bugün Bolşevikler, son Rus hanedanı olan Romanov hanedanlığından Çar 2. Nikolayı, eşini ve çocuklarını Ekaterinburg'ta esir tuttukları bir evde infaz ettiler. Son Çar'ın ölmesiyle birlikte Rusya 1. Dünya Savaşı'ndan çekilmiş ve SSCB yani Sovyet Rusya kurulmuştur.

Son Çar 2. Nikolayın 4 tane kızı (Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia) ve bir oğlu vardı (Aleksei). İnfaz sırasında Alexei 13 yaşındaydı.

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his immediate family and retainers are executed by Bolshevik Chekists at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg, Russia. (Photo colorized by marina amaral)

15 Temmuz 2017 Cumartesi

Bir Garip Ülke Rodezya

Rodezya'lı çiftçiler 1980

Rodezya'da bulunan beyaz tenli yerli halk çiftliklerini koruyor. 1980 yılı.


Rodezya ülke ismini duyan var mı?


Rodezya şu anki Zimbabve'nin eski ismidir. Zimbabwe adını aldıktan sonra dünyanın en fakir ülkeleri arasına girmiştir. Rodezya daha önce İngiliz sömürü devleti olarak beyazlar tarafından yönetilmekteydi.

İngiliz asıllı olan Cecil Rhodes, 1880 yılında elmas aramak için Güney Afrika'ya gider ve De Beers madencilik şirketini kurar. Bu şirket günümüz elmas piyasasına hala büyük ölçüde hakimdir.


İngiltere tarafından Cape Town sömürgesine başkan seçilir ve bugün üzerinde Zimbabve (güney rodezya), Malavi (kuze rodezya) ve Zambiya'nın bulunduğu topraklara kendi ismini verir. Rhodesia ( Rodezya)


1980 seçimlerini bir siyahın kazanması üzerine Rodezya ismi Zimbabve olarak değiştirilmiştir. Zimbabve bağımsızlığını ilan ettikten sonra , Birleşmiş Milletler, üyelerine bu ülkeyi tanımamaya davet etmiş ve tanıyan devletleri güvenlik konseyi yaptırımlarına maruz bırakacaklarını bildirmiştir.


Ek bilgi : Martin Luther King'i öldüren James Earl Ray, o zamanlar beyazlar tarafından yönetilen Rodezya'ya kaçarken İngiltere hava alanında yakalanmıştır.





13 Temmuz 2017 Perşembe